ENSET PRODUCTION IN ETHIOPIA PDF

purposes; its challenges and contribution of enset production for sustainable livelihood According to Stanely (), the cultivation of Enset in Ethiopia was . However, the spatial distribution of Enset production and its yield are not . Enset plant yield and assessing kocho production in Ethiopia. Annual national food production in Ethiopia for the years Table 3. Hectarage and production of Enset products in the Southern Ethhiopia Peoples.

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Tadelech Wolde and Mr. A center of diversity,” Economic Botany, vol. This is nearly enough daily maintenance energy during low working activity but cannot be assumed out of g washi for it contains a lot of moisture. In some cases, such situations lead farmers to replace enset farming with annual crops abandoning their land. Gender roles in enset cultivation are of high importance, [35] as a strong division of work exists: The processed enset kocho, bullaand corm are rich in carbohydrate and good sources of minerals.

The social aspects, agronomic, and pertinent issues related to enset were studied. David Robert The corm Neqaqa was found to be more nutritious than bulla Gena except in starch and zinc contents. The above-mentioned aspects show that, enset systems are related to gender in many ways from their management and tasks repartition in the household to varieties classification. An Increasing Threat to Banana Cultivation”.

De Boer and H. Kochobullaand corm amicho are the main food products of enset. They reported the similarities and differences of enset starch among the well utilized starches of potato, corn, and sago.

The amino acid content of kocho is similar to sweet potato and potato [ ]. Chandravanchi, “Levels of major, minor and trace elements in commercially available enset Ensete Ventricosum Welw.

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The corm of enset is fed to stimulate placental discharge and reduce delivery-associated stomachache and eaten with un, butter, and milk. The plant stores carbohydrate in its pseudostem during the vegetative stage in the leaf sheaths and the corm, which is used up at the flowering and fruiting stages, hence harvesting has to be ahead of flowering [ 6 ]. Enset has high carrying capacity and supports dense population and its cultivation is not labor-intensive and is not commercial fertilizer demanding in relative terms.

Women are more likely to precisely recognize the different varieties of the plant than men. Two enset varieties, one from the kocho type namely Gena and the other from the corm type, Neqaqa were processed with the help of AARC research staff in December They mainly live in the densely populated highlands of south, southwest Ethiopia.

A case study on Gedeo land productkon PhD dissertation: Dried leaf-sheaths are used as packing material, serving the same function as Western foam plastic and polystyrene. Enset Ensete ventricosum corms and pseudostems.

Even in the central highlands and cities where enset is ehtiopia a staple, bulla is fed to a mother who gave birth for strengthening and fast recovery.

On indigenous production, genetic diversity productipn crop ecology of enset Ensete ventricosum Welw. It is an indigenous crop to Ethiopia, where primarily cultivated as a staple food though wild enset varieties were reported to be found in other African and Asian countries. At AARC, accessions of enset were evaluated [ 23 ]. Enset has cultural values during wedding and funeral ceremonies.

1. Introduction

Pdoduction fruits are inedible insipidflavorless [5] and have hard, black, rounded seeds. The knowledge limitation in the implementation of preventing strategies contributed to the severity of enset plant diseases. Therefore, it is an immediate cash income source for a family to buy their daily needs. In order to sustain and improve enset cultivation, serious and continuous work is required to control diseases, improving its productivity, and nutritional schemes. Enset varieties are categorized to two main groups namely the kocho or psuedostem types and the corm types.

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Ensete ventricosum – Wikipedia

The air dried bulla of Gena and ground corm of Naqaqa were brought to Japan for their detail nutritional composition analysis. First, the larvae can productoon short distances [20] as adults mealybugs tend to move only after being disturbed.

Up to suckers can be produced from just one mother plant. Results and Discussions References.

The majority of enset varieties are produced mainly for processing to starch through fermentation, kocho or bulla while some other are enseh entirely for their corm.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ensete ventricosum. The seeds can stay viable for more than 25 years [ 13 ]. Karlsson, “Nutritive values of the drought tolerant food and fodder crop enset,” African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol.

In Jima area, it is used during the rainy season when cereals are scanty otherwise, it is not so important like maize [ 8 ].

In this case, g of enset was considered for an average daily intake from Shigeta [6 ] and Brandt, et al. They also make atmit gruel and given to a person caught cold. Shank and Ertiro [7 ] studied the product yield and plant size and modeled yield estimation derivatives.

However, the starch yield and nutrient compositions vary among enset clones or varieties. The bulla, eenset samples, and various information were obtained mainly from Areka Agricultural Research Center AARCwhich is the center of excellence for research on enset nationally.

It has several socio-economic and cultural values developed by the society for ebset years.

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