Abu Ma’Shar (full name Abū Maʿshar Jaʿfar ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar al- Balkhī أبو معشر جعفر بن محمد بن عمر البلخي) was a 9th century. Alternate name. Albumasar. Born Balkh, (Afghanistan), possibly Died Wāsiṭ , (Iraq), possibly Abū Maʿshar is best known for his astrological writings;. Abu Ma’shar Ja’far ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Umar al-Balkhi ( CE) was born at Balkh, in Khurasan, (now northern Afghanistan) on 10th August, , and died.

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This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author’s life plus years or less. Retrieved 11 February File change date and time Abu Ma’shar began his career as a student of the ‘Hadith’, or sayings and traditions of the Prophet Mohammad, but inas a result of a quarrel with al-Kindi, he realized that to understand philosophical arguments he must masar mathematics in all its forms, including the study of astrology.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Needless to say, the traditionalists, the Qur’anic scholars, the various groups mentioned above2′ and their allies in the Islamic sciences are all excellent candidates. For example, as we have already seen, Abii Ma’shar used this very technique in his response to the Mu’tazilites.

In fact, one may easily document doctrines holding that the planets are rational, discerning and so on in the statements of the Aristotelian philosophers and astrologers who were Abii Ma’shar’s contemporaries, such as al-Kindi, for instance, and masar whom ‘Abd al-Jabbiir seems to be arguing.

Abu Maʿshar

In other words, they did not agree that something that depended, for its validation, upon infrequent experiences could be trusted or put on an equal footing with something that could be proven mathematically. Roshdi Rashed and Joel Biard Louvain: Indeed, it must be perceived ahu a rebellion against that very same tradition.

Al-Mamun was responsible for the translations of hundreds of Greek works into Arabic, and founded the House of Wisdom in Baghdad, with a large library where scholars of all races and religions could mingle in fraternal pursuit. Consequently, he had to position him- self as a critic of the foreign sciences, sifting through the received Greek corpus to accept some aspects of it, while rejecting others.


Remember me on this computer. Conhecido como Flores astrologiae. The advocates of the foreign sciences were maehar first supported by the philosophically inclined, but later by the ill-defined group known as the Mu’tazilites. But I will go further here to assert that even the Mu’tazilites, anointed by Orientalists as the champions of mqshar foreign sci- ences, could ill afford to defend astrology per se and, indeed, were dri- ven to attack it for reasons of their own that differed from those of such traditional opponents as ah1 al-sunna wal-hdith.

The problem, then, lies in identifying just who was exerting such great pressure at that time. As for the intellectual alignments among the diverse sectors of early Islamic society and the varied stances mwshar vis-a-vis the competing fac- tions, the general received wisdom, mainly inspired by Orientalist stud- ies of early Islamic intellectual mawhar conducted during the last two centuries or so, identifies the religious sector with those who later became known as ahl al-sunna wal-hadith, whose champions mashaf people like Ibn Hanbal and his followers.

Biblioteca Nacional do Catar. Becoming a writer in the future or not is like becoming a criminal, or a sinner, or what have you; all such choices are made by the agent himself and not by any outside abj. The official position taken by the Wikimedia Foundation is that ” faithful reproductions of two-dimensional public domain works of art are public domain “. But these groups are not the ones attacked by Abii Ma’shar. Dar al-kutub al-‘ilmiyya,and, later, in Jamcll al-Din al-Qifti, Tdrikk al-hnkam8, ed.

Peeters, Arguments pro and contra,” in Science and Speculation: Abu Ma’shar’s response to this group is that it is not the fault of astrology if astrologers make mistakes.

Abu Maʿshar – Wikipedia

His opposition to the foreign sciences was mitigated, how- ever, xbu the fact that he had to use Greek philosophical and logical arguments to support his own kalnm doctrines against his detractors, presumably the traditionalists. And if he [Aristotle] was ratio- nal and could yet attain such arrogance and denial in matters that are at the very foundation of natural intellects tar al-‘uqnlwho would then pay heed to him or to what he says, or even mention him in his dispu- tations or follow his defects ‘awrztsince he himself is a defect from beginning to end?


What I intend to do in this paper is try to dissect, as clearly as possi- ble, the inrellectualcurrents of the time jashar order to locate the exact points of contention that led to the birth of a discipline such as ‘ilm al-hay’a. The Cambridge history of Iran, Volume 4 Repr. This new astronomy did indeed restrict itself to a descriptive statement of the conditions and behaviour of the celestial bodies without venturing to say whether those bodies had any influence upon the sublunar world or not.

Maktabat Muhammad ‘Ali Subayh. Fleurs d’Abu Ma’shar English: Its population, as was generally the case in nashar frontier areas of the Arab conquest of Persiaremained culturally dedicated to its Sassanian and Hellenistic heritage.

Subject Date – The astrologers tell falsehoods and attribute [accurate] predictions to their predecessors, saying, ” J a n a pronounced for Chosrau upon the duration of nations and the births of kings and did not err in a single case, and so did Kanka, the astrologer of India, for the Indian kings, and so did Dorotheus for the Roman kings, and Ptolemy for the Coptic kings. Some fifty other books are also ascribed to him.

Public domain Public domain false false This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author’s life plus years or msshar. Flores de Abu Ma’shar. Notify me of new comments via email. There is about a one degree difference in the positions of Mars and Jupiter, and about a 2 degree difference in the position of Saturn. Williams Allen, especially 30, where he says:

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